Neurological Disorders and Mental Disorders are not the same but they can seem similar. Mental disorders stem from some form of mental irregularity or the malfunction of an important nervous organ such as the brain. Neurological disorders also arise because of the malfunction of organs especially those with regards to the nervous system such as the spine, the brain, and the nerves.
These disorders may cause either physical deformities, disorders, or mental disabilities and disorders in patients. The top neurology hospital in Bangalore can help patients in diagnosing if they have a neurological disorder or a mental illness or disorder.
Although, the underlying difference remains that mental illness is usually caused by brain malfunctions but neurological disorders can affect the entire body and are connected with the brain, spinal cord, or the nerves in the body.
What are Mental Disorders?
Mental Disorders are mental illnesses that can affect an individual’s mental growth and inhibit them from having a normal life such as education, career, and a family or social life. Mental Disorders include illnesses such as Anxiety, Depression, Schizophrenia, Eating Disorders, Gender Dysphoria, OCD, Dissociative disorders, Personality Disorders, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, etc.
These disorders would not entirely cause the patient to become mentally sick and carry out none of the normal functionality of their day-to-day life, but it may impair their decision-making skills, motor skills, cognitive and learning abilities, job and education-related abilities, etc. They also may lack basic empathy and sympathy when it comes to normal people, family members, social situations, etc.
What are Neurological Disorders?
Neurological Disorders are caused by the impaired functionality of the nervous system organs – it can be due to a birth defect, an accident, or a general malfunction of the important organs. They are different from mental illness as they have nothing much to do with the character, personality, or other emotional aspects of the human body.
Neurological disorders may occur mostly due to the malfunction of the brain, the spinal cord, or the nerves that run through the body. In most scenarios – these malfunctions are caused by accidents, major falls, disorders with the organs, etc.
Some examples of Neurological disorders are – Acute Spinal Cord Injury, Herniated Disk, Strokes, Bell’s Palsy, Alzheimer’s Disease, Brain Tumors, Head Injury, Meningitis, Parkinson’s Disease, Encephalitis, Migraine Headaches, Epilepsy, and Seizures, etc.
Most of these disorders are caused by some trauma that causes the spinal cord, the brain, or the nerves to malfunction. Others may be caused by internal factors such as aging, excessive stress, inflammation, lack of blood circulation, etc. Unlike mental disorders, these are not genetic or caused due to emotional or mental factors and rarely ever affect the emotional behavior of the patient.
Treatments for Neurological and Mental Disorders
There are many hospitals and top specialists in India who treat neurological disorders. In fact, there are some top neurology hospitals in Bangalore that have neuro specialists who help in recovering from neurological disorders with proper medical care and rehabilitation. Neurological disorders can be treated with diagnostic treatments, critical medical attention, medication, and surgeries.
Mental Disorders take more time to correct than physical issues such as neurological disorders. They usually need therapy sessions, rehabilitation, and constant medical care so that their symptoms can be controlled and managed effectively. With constant medical care and rehabilitation, many mental disorders can be corrected in patients.